Federated Query from Redshift to Aurora PostgreSQL

Create Public Accessible Redshift Cluster and Aurora PostgreSQL/ RDS PostgreSQL cluster. The RDS PostgreSQL or Aurora PostgreSQL must be in the same VPC as your Amazon Redshift cluster. If the instance is publicly accessible, configure its security group’s inbound rule to: Type: PostgreSQL, Protocol: TCP, Port Range: 5432, Source: 0.0.0.0/0. Otherwise, if the instance is not publicly accessible, you don’t need to configure an inbound rule.

  1. Go to AWS Console > Secrets Manager > Create Secret Managers for RDS Database and Select your PostgreSQL database
  2. Create IAM policy with ARN of above Secrets manager
{
"Version": "2012-10-17",
"Statement": [
{
"Sid": "AccessSecret",
"Effect": "Allow",
"Action": [
"secretsmanager:GetResourcePolicy",
"secretsmanager:GetSecretValue",
"secretsmanager:DescribeSecret",
"secretsmanager:ListSecretVersionIds"
],
"Resource": "arn:aws:secretsmanager:us-east-1:111111111111:secret:federated-query-L9EBau"
},
{
"Sid": "VisualEditor1",
"Effect": "Allow",
"Action": [
"secretsmanager:GetRandomPassword",
"secretsmanager:ListSecrets"
],
"Resource": "*"
}
]
}
  1. Create IAM Redshift customizable role and attach the Above Policy to it.
  2. Attach the Role to your Redshift Cluster
  3. Create External Schema in Redshift
CREATE EXTERNAL SCHEMA IF NOT EXISTS myRedshiftSchema
FROM POSTGRES
DATABASE 'testdb' SCHEMA 'aurora_schema'
URI 'federated-cluster-instance-1.c2txxxxupg1.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com' PORT 5432
OPTIONS 'application_name=psql'
IAM_ROLE 'arn:aws:iam::1111111111111:role/federated-query-role'
SECRET_ARN 'arn:aws:secretsmanager:us-east-1:11111111111111:secret:federated-query-L9EBau';
  1. In RDS Aurora PostgreSQL create the schema which will hold the objects for federated query access
testdb=> create schema aurora_schema;
CREATE SCHEMA
testdb=> create table aurora_schema.federatedtable (id int8, name varchar(50), log_txn_date timestamp);
CREATE TABLE
testdb=> insert into aurora_schema.federatedtable values(1,'shadab','2019-12-26 00:00:00');
INSERT 0 1
testdb=> select * from aurora_schema.federatedtable;
id | name | log_txn_date
----+--------+---------------------
1 | shadab | 2019-12-26 00:00:00
(1 row)
  1. Login to your Redshift cluster and Run the Federated Query from Redshift to PostgreSQL —
testdb=# select * from myredshiftschema.federatedtable;
id | name | log_txn_date
----+--------+---------------------
1 | shadab | 2019-12-26 00:00:00
(1 row)
-- Trying out CTAS from Redshift to PostgreSQL --
testdb=# create table test as select * from myredshiftschema.federatedtable;
SELECT
testdb=# select * from test;
id | name | log_txn_date
----+--------+---------------------
1 | shadab | 2019-12-26 00:00:00
testdb=# select pg_last_query_id();
         1251

(1 row)

select * from svl_s3query_summary where query='1251';
-[ RECORD 1 ]-----------+---------------------------
userid | 100
query | 1251
xid | 7338
pid | 11655
segment | 0
step | 0
starttime | 2019-12-27 06:17:30.800652
endtime | 2019-12-27 06:17:30.947853
elapsed | 147201
aborted | 0
external_table_name | PG Subquery
file_format | Text
.
.
.

References:

[1]
Federated Query in Amazon Redshift (Preview) – https://docs.aws.amazon.com/redshift/latest/dg/federated-overview.html
[2]
CREATE EXTERNAL SCHEMA – https://docs.aws.amazon.com/redshift/latest/dg/federated-external-schema.html
[3]
Create a Secret and an IAM Role for Federated Query – https://docs.aws.amazon.com/redshift/latest/dg/federated-create-secret-iam-role.html